An argumentative essay is constructed
around an explicit declaration known as the hypothesis
or conclusion that is questionable within the
field in which you are studying. Argumentative
essay reveals that your statement (opinion, theory,
and hypothesis) about some observable fact is
correct or more precise than others’ are.
You cannot argue without backing your ideas with
reasoning which should be true. Your opinion doesn’t
have value in an argumentative essay, your opinion
will only have value if its backed with reasons
and cross questioning and answering that convinces
your reader that your argument or position has
Argumentative essays are often organized in the
- They begin with a statement of your assertion,
its timeliness, significance, and relevance
in relation to some phenomenon.
- They review critically the literature about
- They describe how your assertion is "better"
(simpler or more explanatory) than others, including
improved (i.e., more reliable or valid) methods
that you used to accumulate the data (case)
to be explained.
Do not be afraid to revise your essay! In fact,
you will probably want to change it at least once;
this is called "thinking through a 'problem'"
or "learning." Revisions will consist
of those steps indicated in previous sections.
Additionally, you will want to figure out how
your readers will object to your argument. Will
they say that you have used imprecise concepts?
Have you erred in collecting data? Your argument
is only as strong as the objections to it. If
you cannot refute or discount an objection, then
you need to rethink and revise your position.